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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G5252A
Parent Branch: L2a1c4a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L2a1c4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

13L2a1c4a5252Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2a1c4aG5252AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2a1c4a1G5252AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2a1c4a1G5252AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2a1c4a1G5252AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010565Just et al., 2008noneL2a1c4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 11708, 16519
Hap5010566Just et al., 2008noneL2a1c4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9497, 16519
Hap5018642Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1c4a1:16309L2a1c4a1:189, 310, 9478, 9833, 16519
Hap5023121Zheng et al., 2012noneL2a1c4a1:4562, 13818, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067760United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10067761United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067762United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10067763United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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