L2a1c4

Summary

Age: 4,917.7 ± 3,680.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A12172G
Parent Branch: L2a1c
Descendant branch(s): L2a1c4a

Background

Haplogroup L2a1c4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 8,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
06 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L2a1c4 12172 12354 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L2a1c4 A12172G T12354C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L2a1c4 A12172G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L2a1c4 A12172G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L2a1c4 A12172G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005674 Cerezo et al., 2012 none L2a1c4:146, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3699G, 6299, 7436, 13749, 15943, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10067731 Cuba Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10067732 United States Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10067733 Portugal Portugal Portugal Portugal
Hap10067734 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067735 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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