L2a1c

Summary

Age: 14,156.6 ± 3,423.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3010A A6663G
Parent Branch: L2a1
Descendant branch(s): L2a1c1 L2a1c2 L2a1c3 L2a1c4 L2a1c5 L2a1c6

Background

Haplogroup L2a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,700 and 17,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 10 May 2009
05 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L2a1c 3010 6663 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L2a1c G3010A A6663G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L2a1c G3010A A6663G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L2a1c G3010A A6663G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L2a1c G3010A A6663G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000326 Batini et al., 2011 none L2a1c:325, 5628, 5912, 15297, 16497, 16519
Hap5000506 Behar et al., 2008b none L2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 11887, 14764
Hap5000674 Behar et al., 2008b none L2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 5138, 6044, 11299, 12727, 15721, 16519
Hap5000710 Behar et al., 2008b L2a1c:143, 16309 L2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 482, 523-524d, 3106N, 4722, 5899.1C, 8281-8289d, 12941, 13933, 16519
Hap5001665 Behar et al., 2012b none L2a1c:195, 290-291d, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1719, 3693, 6464, 11020, 16519
Hap5001861 Behar et al., 2012b none L2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 2755, 4646, 9401, 9596, 9656, 15607, 16086Y, 16212, 16519
Hap5010559 Just et al., 2008 none L2a1c:315.1C, 5411, 6359, 11614, 16519
Hap5010564 Just et al., 2008 none L2a1c:309.1N, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1183, 15317, 16399, 16519
Hap5018678 Barbieri et al., 2012a L2a1c:143, 16189 L2a1c:195, 309d, 315.1C, 8270, 16086, 16124, 16183C, 16519
Hap5018724 Barbieri et al., 2012a L2a1c:13105 L2a1c:310, 3398, 5154A, 16519
Hap5023111 Zheng et al., 2012 none L2a1c:523-524d, 4435, 6267, 11197, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10067630 France Cape Verde Cape Verde Cape Verde
Hap10067631 United States United States Cape Verde Cape Verde
Hap10067632 United States United States Cape Verde Cape Verde
Hap10067633 Haiti Haiti Haiti Haiti
Hap10067634 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10067635 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067636 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067637 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067638 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067639 Unspecified Ecuador Unspecified Ecuador
Hap10067640 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Unspecified Puerto Rico
Hap10067641 Spain Spain Unspecified Spain
Hap10067642 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10067643 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10067644 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10067645 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067646 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067647 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067648 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067649 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067650 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067651 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067652 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067653 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067654 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067655 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067656 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067657 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067658 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067659 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067660 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067661 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067662 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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