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Age: 4,117.1 ± 2,210.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C15211T
Parent Branch: L2a1a2a
Descendant branch(s): L2a1a2a1a


Haplogroup L2a1a2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,900 and 6,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

06L2a1a2a115211 15421Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2a1a2a115211 15421Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2a1a2a115211 15421Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2a1a2a115211 15421Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2a1a2a115211 15421Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2a1a2a115211 15421Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2a1a2a115211 15421Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2a1a2a115211Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2a1a2a1C15211TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2a1a2a1C15211TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2a1a2a1C15211TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2a1a2a1C15211TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5018673Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1a2a1:16129L2a1a2a1:309d, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6041
Hap5023101Zheng et al., 2012nonenone

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: June 26, 2016 at 20:33 pm


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2016-06-26T20:33:53+00:00 June 6th, 2016|