Age: 17,225.0 ± 4,971.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8668C C16355T
Parent Branch: L1c3a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L1c3a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,300 and 22,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 L1c3a1b 8668 16355 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L1c3a1b T8668C C16355T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L1c3a1b T8668C C16355T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L1c3a1b T8668C C16355T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L1c3a1b T8668C C16355T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000321 Batini et al., 2011 L1c3a1b:6260, 16215 L1c3a1b:523-524d, 6261, 11701, 16093, 16519
Hap5000729 Behar et al., 2008b none L1c3a1b:183, 204, 257, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2486, 3106N, 3552, 5177, 6101, 10055, 11506, 13768, 14581, 16183C
Hap5018560 Barbieri et al., 2012a none L1c3a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8680, 16183C, 16213, 16291
Hap5018804 Barbieri et al., 2012a L1c3a1b:16360 L1c3a1b:183, 204, 257, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3552, 5033, 5821, 11506, 13020, 13768, 14581, 16183C
Hap5019498 Barbieri et al., 2013a none L1c3a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 783, 16183C, 16390
Hap5023071 Zheng et al., 2012 none L1c3a1b:523-524d, 783, 5291, 12684, 13577, 13866, 16182-16183d, 16231
Hap5023072 Zheng et al., 2012 none L1c3a1b:783, 16093, 16183C, 16234, 16390

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067318 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10067319 Cuba Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10067320 Jamaica Jamaica Jamaica Jamaica
Hap10067321 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067322 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067323 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067324 Unspecified Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10067325 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10067326 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10067327 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067328 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067329 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067330 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067331 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067332 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067333 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067334 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067335 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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