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Age: 17,225.0 ± 4,971.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8668C C16355T
Parent Branch: L1c3a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L1c3a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,300 and 22,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

13L1c3a1b8668 16355Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L1c3a1bT8668C C16355TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L1c3a1bT8668C C16355TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L1c3a1bT8668C C16355TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L1c3a1bT8668C C16355TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000321Batini et al., 2011L1c3a1b:6260, 16215L1c3a1b:523-524d, 6261, 11701, 16093, 16519
Hap5000729Behar et al., 2008bnoneL1c3a1b:183, 204, 257, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2486, 3106N, 3552, 5177, 6101, 10055, 11506, 13768, 14581, 16183C
Hap5018560Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL1c3a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8680, 16183C, 16213, 16291
Hap5018804Barbieri et al., 2012aL1c3a1b:16360L1c3a1b:183, 204, 257, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3552, 5033, 5821, 11506, 13020, 13768, 14581, 16183C
Hap5019498Barbieri et al., 2013anoneL1c3a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 783, 16183C, 16390
Hap5023071Zheng et al., 2012noneL1c3a1b:523-524d, 783, 5291, 12684, 13577, 13866, 16182-16183d, 16231
Hap5023072Zheng et al., 2012noneL1c3a1b:783, 16093, 16183C, 16234, 16390

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067321United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067322United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067323United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067325United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10067326United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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