Haplogroup L1c2b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 23,200 and 35,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).
With an origin in Africa, what is known about this lineage comes from two published research studies (Batini et al., 2011 and Zheng et al., 2012). The first found a member of this line in a West Central African Pygmy group. The second found a member of this line in the Luhya from Webuye, Kenya. The Luhya are a Bantu group.
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|01||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 27 Aug 2008|
|02||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 14 Oct 2008|
|03||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 1 Mar 2009|
|04||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 10 May 2009|
|05||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 8 Jul 2009|
|06||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 28 Sep 2009|
|07||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 10 Nov 2009|
|08||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 21 Mar 2010|
|09||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 20 Jun 2010|
|10||L1c2b1a||513 2220||Released 10 Aug 2010|
|14||L1c2b1a||T5580C||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||L1c2b1a||T5580C||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||L1c2b1a||T5580C C6209T A14071G||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||L1c2b1a||T5580C C6209T A14071G||Released 18 Feb 2016|
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5000324||Batini et al., 2011||L1c2b1a:5899.1C, 16093||L1c2b1a:6125, 7010, 13506, 15514, 16187, 16286A|
|Hap5023065||Zheng et al., 2012||L1c2b1a:16093||L1c2b1a:2758, 6125, 7010, 13506, 15514, 16187N, 16260, 16286A, 16320|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
- Batini, Chiara; Lopes, Joao; Behar, Doron M.; Calafell, Francesc; Jorde, Lynn B.; van der Veen, Lolke; Quintana-Murci, Lluis; Spedini, Gabriella; Destro-Bisol, Giovanni & Comas, David (2011). Insights into the Demographic History of African Pygmies from Complete Mitochondrial Genomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28(2), 1099-1110.
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American Journal of Human Genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Zheng, H. X., Yan, S., Qin, Z. D., & Jin, L. (2012). MtDNA analysis of global populations support that major population expansions began before Neolithic Time. Nature Scientific Reports, 2, -.
- Ian Logan's mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan's Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick's mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup L1
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup L1
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
Last updated: July 26, 2016 at 15:03 pm
Peoples: Luhya and Pygmies | Places: Kenya and Webuye