Age: 35,592.5 ± 5,070.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Africa
Mutations: A11164G (T16093C) (G16286A)
Parent Branch: L1c2
Descendant branch(s): L1c2b1 L1c2b2


Haplogroup L1c2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 30,500 and 40,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L1c2b 11164 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L1c2b 11164 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L1c2b 11164 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L1c2b 11164 Released 10 May 2009
05 L1c2b 11164 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L1c2b 11164 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L1c2b 11164 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L1c2b 11164 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L1c2b 11164 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L1c2b 11164 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L1c2b 11164 16286A Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L1c2b 11164 16286A Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L1c2b 11164 16286A Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L1c2b A11164G G16286A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L1c2b A11164G (T16093C) (G16286A) Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L1c2b A11164G (T16093C) (G16286A) Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L1c2b A11164G (T16093C) (G16286A) Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067219 United States Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10067220 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067221 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067222 Brazil Brazil Unspecified Brazil
Hap10067223 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067224 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067225 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: July 26, 2016 at 14:19 pm


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2016-07-26T14:19:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|