Age: 2,677.2 ± 2,446.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T15289C
Parent Branch: L1c1a2a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L1c1a2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 200 and 5,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 L1c1a2a2 15289 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L1c1a2a2 15289 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L1c1a2a2 15289 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L1c1a2a2 T15289C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L1c1a2a2 T15289C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L1c1a2a2 T15289C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L1c1a2a2 T15289C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000250 Batini et al., 2011 none L1c1a2a2:523-524d, 1503, 16519
Hap5000266 Batini et al., 2011 none L1c1a2a2:523-524d, 8413, 10203, 16519
Hap5000281 Batini et al., 2011 none L1c1a2a2:76, 89, 523-524d, 4820, 5250, 7056, 16519
Hap5000282 Batini et al., 2011 none L1c1a2a2:523-524d, 16519
Hap5011024 Kivisild et al., 2006 L1c1a2a2:93, 95C, 146, 182, 186A, 189C, 236, 297, 316, 16230, 16274, 16293, 16294, 16360 L1c1a2a2:1-435d, 523-524d, 2674, 5054C, 16022-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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