L1c1a2

Summary

Age: 12,329.9 ± 4,207.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A93G A95c T151C! T236C A2755G T2863C C3513T A3927G A4506G A7202G T9647C A12768G G16274A
Parent Branch: L1c1a
Descendant branch(s): L1c1a2a L1c1a2b L1c1a2c

Background

Haplogroup L1c1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,100 and 16,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L1c1a2 93 95C 151 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L1c1a2 93 95C 151 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L1c1a2 93 95C 151 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L1c1a2 93 95C 151 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 10 May 2009
05 L1c1a2 93 95C 151 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L1c1a2 93 95C 151! 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L1c1a2 A93G A95c T151C! T236C A2755G T2863C C3513T A3927G A4506G A7202G T9647C A12768G G16274A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L1c1a2 A93G A95c T151C! T236C A2755G T2863C C3513T A3927G A4506G A7202G T9647C A12768G G16274A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L1c1a2 A93G A95c T151C! T236C A2755G T2863C C3513T A3927G A4506G A7202G T9647C A12768G G16274A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L1c1a2 A93G A95c T151C! T236C A2755G T2863C C3513T A3927G A4506G A7202G T9647C A12768G G16274A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5019395 Barbieri et al., 2013a L1c1a2:4506, 7202, 12768, 16274 L1c1a2:76, 89, 151, 309N, 310, 523-524d, 3492N, 5186, 5351, 5843, 9948, 13209, 13269, 13948, 13980, 16183C, 16187, 16355

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10067097 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Hap10067098 United States United States United States United States
Hap10067099 United States Cuba Unspecified Cuba
Hap10067100 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10067101 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10067102 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10067103 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067104 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067105 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067106 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067107 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067108 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067109 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10067110 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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