Age: 7,502.6 ± 3,066.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Africa
Mutations: C152T A8191G
Parent Branch: L0a1b
Descendant branch(s): L0a1b1a


Haplogroup L0a1b1 is an African branch on the maternal tree of humanity with connections to southern Africa. Its age has not been determined, but it must be younger than its parent that was born between 6,200 and 19,400 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Information on this branch comes from four studies. The first found a member in Morocco (Maca-Meyer et al., 2001). The second study looked at the maternal origins of African and Mexican Americans (Just et al., 2008). It was then found in groups from Zambia (Barbieri et al., 2013a) and Namibia. (Chan et al., 2015).

The Geno 2 data set has one person from this line, but they have not entered demographic information.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L0a1b1 152 8191 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L0a1b1 152 8191 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L0a1b1 152 8191 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L0a1b1 152 8191 Released 10 May 2009
05 L0a1b1 152 8191 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L0a1b1 152! 8191 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L0a1b1 A8191G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L0a1b1 A8191G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L0a1b1 C152T A8191G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L0a1b1 C152T A8191G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005741 Chan et al., 2015 none L0a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16519
Hap5010515 Just et al., 2008 none L0a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 3644, 6905, 16093, 16519
Hap5019389 Barbieri et al., 2013a none L0a1b1:309.1N, 310N, 311.1N, 325N, 523-524d, 3644, 6905, 16093, 16519
Hap5022080 Maca-Meyer et al., 2001 none L0a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 1539A, 5628, 7258, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10066543 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: September 11, 2016 at 10:07 am


Peoples: | Places: Morocco, Namibia, and Zambia

2016-09-11T10:07:11+00:00 June 6th, 2016|